Saturday, May 24, 2008

Mouth ULCERS-------Apthous

Commonly among Mouth Ulcers, Apthous ulcers are seen. It is a common disease and is characterized by the development of the painful, recurring solitary or multiple ulcerations of the oral mucosa. Apthous Ulcer is also known as Canker Sores.

Causes of apthous cancer
There are various causative factors for Apthous Ulcers. It is mainly caused due to bacterial infection. The chief causative organism is (alpha) haemolytic streptococci or Streptococcus sanguis. The administration of Streptococcus to guinea pigs and rabbits has produced lesions of the skin and oral mucosa which appear clinically similar to apthous ulcers in the human. Recurrent aphthous ulcers have also been though to occur as a result of an autoimmune response of the oral epithelium.
During a fluorescent antibody technique, both IgG and IgM are seen binded to the spinous layer of the oral epithelium in patients suffering from Apthous ulcer. While no such binding is seen in normal healthy persons. Iron, Vitamin B12 or Folic acid deficiency may also lead to development of Apthous Ulcer are greater during the premenstrual period. While in some cases women may get relief from ulcers during pregnancy but shows rapid ulcer development after delivery. Any Psychological problem may also lead to ulceration. Patients with Recurrent Apthous Ulcer may also show a history of Asthma, Hay fever or food or drug allergies.

Clinical Features of Apthous Ulcer

It is seen more commonly in women than in men. The disease develops between the ages of 10 to 30 years. The apthous ulcer starts developing as single or multiple superficial erosion caused by a gray membrane. It generally has a well circumscribed margin surrounded by on erythematous halo

The lesion is commonly very painful, so it interferes with eating for several days. Sometimes, it was though that the apthous ulcer begins with the formation of a vesicle, but it was not as such in general. Major Apthous ulcer are characterized by the occurrence of large painful ulcers, usually one to ten in number and are present commonly on the lips, cheeks, tongue, sot palate, etc.

Herpetiform Ulcer: There are numberous small lesions found on any intraoral mucosal surface. These lesions begin as small pinhead sized erosions that slowly enlarge and unite with each other. Lesions are very painful and are present continuously for one to three years. The patient receives immediate but temporary relief from symptoms with a 2 percent tetracycline mouthwash.

Treatment of Apthous or Herpetiform Ulcers: There is a no specific treatment, although various drugs have been used. A steroid ointment about 1.5 percent cortisone acetate, applied locally shows good effect. Antibiotic mouthwashes are also helpful. For egr Tetracycline Mouthwash (250 mg per 5 ml), used four times daily for 5 to 7 days, produced a good response in near about 70% of the patients. Chemical cautery reduces pain but had no other beneficial effects. Levamisole, have been used and found to increase the immune response in a variety of ways.

Traumatic Ulcer- It has been observed that the Traumatic Ulcer may also develop of the oral mucous membrane.It is a caused by some sort of trauma. This may be an injury such as biting the mucosa, denture irritation, toothbrush injury, exposure of the meious membrane to a sharp tooth or carious lesions, or it may be injury to the mucosa by some other external irritant. The traumatic ulcers are also known as sore spots.

Friday, May 2, 2008

Healthy Skin Tips

The outer layer of your skin renews itself every 2-4 weeks, but the dermis layer is pretty permanent. The things you do to your skin in your teens and 20s can affect your skin's look almost immediately. It is critical that you take good care of your skin, and your body, if you want to look and feel good.

Tanning and Sun
Hopefully every person alive now knows the dangers of the sun and tanning. It can cause skin cancer - and not just when you are 60 or 70. I know people in their teens who have died of skin cancer. If you don't get skin cancer, you are also destroying your dermis layer. The dermis layer gives your skin its elasticity and firmness. So if you desroy your dermis, your skin looks wrinkled and saggy - even by age 21. Eat

Healthy Foods
You are what you eat, from your head down to your feet! If you eat healthy foods with nutrients, your skin reacts positively and glows. If you eat tons of junk food and sugar, your skin gets bloaty, dull and listless. It can have a direct impact on how you look.

Drink Lots of Water
You may think that drinking lots of water makes you look pudgy. But actually your body only holds onto water when it thinks there is a DROUGHT. That means if you drink only a little water, your body will cling onto it with a passion and make you look water-logged. If you drink lots of water, it lets your blood do its job flushing the toxins from your system, and your body lets the water go out of your system because it knows more is coming soon. The more water you drink, the more healthy you look and feel.

Get Lots of Sleep
You know how people who are not sleeping well have dark rings under their eyes? Your skin shows very clearly when you are not getting enough sleep. Sleep lets your body renew and refresh. Avoid Smoking
One of the best known destroyers of skin (besides the sun) is smoking. Smoking causes ALL sorts of health issues, and destruction of your skin is just one of them.