Saturday, December 22, 2007

Body Language ---"Signals of a Liar"

In order to spot a liar, use a person's usual behavior as a measuring stick to see if they're stretching the truth.
But when it comes to reading a person, body language speaks volumes.
There are some gestures and mannerisms to look out for in order to catch a liar, so long as they differ from the person's regular actions.

Lying Gestures

  • Rapid eye movement ·
  • crossed arms ·
  • constant fidgeting ·
  • eyes focused to the right (indicates use of the creative side of the brain) ·
  • eyes focused firmly on an object ·
  • rubbing eye ·
  • eyes either wide open or partly shut ·
  • legs crossed when seated · l
  • legs not planted firmly on the ground when seated ·
  • holding an object or gripping ankle, knee, or skin of a crossed leg when seated.
  • touching face, such as lips, cheeks, chin, nose, etc. ·
  • playing with hair ·
  • tugging ear

Although we've always been taught that lack of eye contact is a dead giveaway of a liar, it's not necessarily evidence as we have been conditioned to look another in the eye when it comes to business and sports, in order to psych-out our opponent. We have almost been raised to be good liars.

Many of the aforementioned gestures such as the ear tugging, eye rubbing, mouth covering, and nose tapping can point to a liar as the liar's body language is saying, "I can't believe what I'm saying!"

While body language can be a good indicator of a liar, a person's unconscious mannerisms aren't always reliable. It's your job to play detective and put the puzzle pieces together, by using the subject's speech.

Emotional Gestures & Contradiction•

  • Timing and duration of emotional gestures and emotions are off a normal pace. The display of emotion is delayed, stays longer than it would naturally, then stops suddenly.
  • Timing is off between emotions gestures/expression s and words. Example: Someone says "I love it!" when receiving a gift, and then smile after making that statement, rather than at the same time the statement is made.
  • Gestures/expression s don’t match the verbal statement, such as frowning when saying “I love you.”
  • Expressions are limited to mouth movements when someone is faking emotions (like happy, surprised, sad, awe, )instead of the whole face. For example; when someone smiles naturally their whole face is involved: jaw/cheek movement, eyes and forehead push down, etc.

Interactions and Reactions

  • A guilty person gets defensive. An innocent person will often go on the offensive.
  • A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner/accuser and may turn his head or body away.
  • A liar might unconsciously place objects (book, coffee cup, etc.) between themselves an Verbal Context and Content
  • A liar will use your words to make answer a question. When asked, “Did you eat the last cookie?” The liar answers, “No, I did not eat the last cookie.”
  • A statement with a contraction is more likely to be truthful: “ I didn't do it” instead of “I did not do it”
  • Liars sometimes avoid "lying" by not making direct statements. They simply answers instead of denying something directly.• The guilty person may speak more than natural, adding unnecessary details to convince you... they are not comfortable with silence or pauses in the conversation.
  • A liar may leave out pronouns and speak in a monotonous tone. When a truthful statement is made the pronoun is emphasized as much or more than the rest of the words in a statement.• Words may be garbled and spoken softly, and syntax and grammar may be off. In other words, his sentences will likely be muddled rather than emphasized.

Other signs of a lie:

• If you believe someone is lying, then change subject of a conversation quickly, a liar follows along willingly and becomes more relaxed. The guilty wants the subject changed; an innocent person may be confused by the sudden change in topics and will want to back to the previous subject.

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