Miscarriage or abortion may be defined as the termination of pregnancy before the period of viability, which is considered to occur at 28 th week. Miscarriages generally take place in the first two trimesters. The chance of a miscarriage in the third trimester is extremely low.
Various causes for the miscarriage may be infection such as viral infection, chronic illness such as chronic nephritis, acute or chronic respiratory disease, and severe anemia. Direct trauma on the abdominal wall by blow or fall may be related to abortion. Emotional upset or change in environment may lead to abortion by affecting the uterine activity. A mom in a high stress situation (perhaps unmarried, financial problems, health problems, unstable marriage, unwanted pregnancy, etc.) is more likely to miscarry. In some women even a minor trauma, internal examination in the early months of pregnancy or sexual intercourse in early months can also lead to abortion.
Environmental toxins like lead, arsenic, anesthetic gases, tobacco, caffeine, alcohol, radiation in excess amount increase the risk of abortion. Drugs used for epilepsy or antimalarial preparations are not harmful when used in small doses but in high doses they can induce abortion.
Cervical incompetence, either congenital or acquired is one of the commonest causes of midtrimester and recurrent abortions. Congenital malformation of the uterus may be responsible for midtrimester or recurrent abortion. Premature rupture of the membranes inevitably leads to abortion. Hormonal imbalance due to deficiency of progesterone making the uterine environment less receptive is also responsible for abortion.
Other causes of miscarriage may include the following: Chromosomal abnormalities of the fetus, incompetent os i.e. weakness of the cervical muscles, excessive water i.e. hydramnios, low-lying placenta causing bleeding and consequently abortion, and lifting heavy weights
Sometimes dietary factors such as deficiency of folic acid or vitamin E are often thinks to be responsible for the abortion. When a pregnant woman is under stress, she not only depletes her own vitamin and mineral reserves and her own adrenal and glandular strength, but she drains these things off her baby. The patient with threatened abortion shows the increased vaginal bleeding, aggravation of pain in the lower abdomen.
HOME REMEDIES FOR MISCARRIAGE
- Drinking raspberry tea during pregnancy strengthens the uterus, which will coordinate contractions and shorten labor.
- Take the herbs cramp bark along with wild yam to relieve leg pains and to prevent miscarriages.
- The herb corn silk can help in easy labor and reduce bleeding after labor.
- Nutmeg tea helps the uterus to contract and lessens bleeding afterbirth.
- The herb thyme taken in a tea helps expel the placenta.
- Apply myrrh to the newborn's navel after the cord has been removed to prevent infection.
- St.-John's-wort taken in the form of capsules helps to relieve after pain.
- The herbs pennyroyal and mistletoe may induce abortion by causing uterine contractions.
- The herbs cramp bark and hawthorn may be taken in capsules to help prevent miscarriages.
- The herbs red raspberry, false unicorn, and lobelia help to strengthen the uterus which will helpin shortening labor. Take them regularly during pregnancy.
- The herbs catnip and cayenne in capsules help to prevent morning sickness.
- The herbs bayberry and mistletoe help in stopping bleeding from the uterus.
- The herbs wild yam, red raspberry, false unicorn, and hawthorn will strengthen the uterus muscles, prevent miscarriage, and reduces cramps.
- Take cod liver oil, iodine, and iron to prevent morning sickness, and birth defects in your infant.
- Take dandelion, kelp, and alfalfa to provide minerals and keep weight off the hips.
- Alcohol consumption is the leading cause of birth defects and mental retardation in newborns and should be avoided at all stages of pregnancy.
- Smoking during pregnancy robs the baby of oxygen and contributes to colic.
- The diet must include whole, live foods. Herbs and other nutritional supplements may be used to enhance the diet. Fresh vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, sprouts, butter (not margarine), dairy products (if they are tolerated), nuts, seeds, organically raised animal protein (to avoid the hormones and antibiotics used in producing commercial animals) and yogurt are the types of foods to be included in the diet.
- Red raspberry acts as a uterine tonic, contains many vitamins and minerals including calcium, magnesium, iron and B-Complex.
- Good natural source vitamins can also be used to prevent miscarriages and enhance the health of both mom and babe. Some that are considered to be essential are vitamin E, Zinc, Vitamin B6 and B-Complex.